Cyber Security is simply the practice of protecting and defending electronic devices and software like computers, networks, phones, and other mobile devices, data, and many more from malicious attacks or threats.
Cyber Security can sometimes be referred to as information tech security and other times, electronic information security. It can be used in different fields and contexts but mainly in computing, electronics, and businesses.
Cyber security can further be divided into application security, network security, information security, end-user education, operational security, and disaster recovery, and business continuity.
Categories of Cyber Security
The term cyber security applies to a variety of contexts that ranges from mobile computing to business. Thus, cyber security can be divided into a few common categories. What are these categories? (you may be wondering).
Cyber security can be divided into six major categories and here are they;
- Network Security.
- Application Security.
- Information Security.
- Operational Security.
- Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity.
- End-user Education.
These are the six major different categories of cyber security.
As the name implies, this is the practice of securing any computer network from network attacks from intruders. It doesn’t matter if it is a targeted attack or opportunistic malware. This kind of cyber security is mostly employed by big firms that work on the internet.
Application security is the type of cybersecurity that focuses on keeping the software and devices free from any threats. Without cyber security, a compromised application could give access to the date that it was designed t protect. Successful security well before the device is deployed, begins in the design stage.
Information security is the branch of cyber security that protects both the integrity and privacy of the data both in storage and in transit.
Operational security is the part of cybersecurity that includes the processes and decisions made when protecting and handling data assets. This includes the permissions that users have when accessing a network and the procedures that determine where the data may be stored.
Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity
This is the part of cybersecurity that defines how an organization responds to any cybersecurity incident. It also includes how the organization responds to any other event that causes the loss of data or operations.
The disaster recovery policies dictate exactly how the organization restores its operations and information. This is all done for the company or organization to return to the same operating capacity before the event occurred. Business continuity is the plan the business falls back to during the process of disaster recovery.
The end-user education addresses most of the unpredictable cyber security factors. Anyone can accidentally introduce any virus to another wise secure system just by failing to follow the good security practices. This is where end-user education comes in.
Cyber Security | Cyber Threats
Cyber threats are attempts to breach the security of electronic devices and software, as of now, the rate of cyber threats is increasing rapidly. These cyber threats can be categorized into three forms namely;
- Cyber terrorism – cyber terrorism is attempted basically used to undermine the security of electronic devices and software just to bring about panic and fear.
- Cyber-attack – this has to do with collecting and gathering information that is politically motivated.
- Cybercrime – here, a person or group of persons work together to breach the security of electronic devices or software for financial benefits or to create chaos.
These are the forms of cyber threats, now, with cyber security, these threats are sometimes made unfruitful.
Cyber Security | Malware
Using the layman definition, malware simply means malicious software, it is with this malicious software, individual or groups (hackers or cybercriminals) use to gain access and breach the security of electronic devices and software.
Malwares are created by hackers or cybercriminals to disrupt the targeted system or software.
These malwares are transferred or sent to the target destination via email or are attached to download links, malware are of different types, listed below.
- Ransomware – this malware, locks your device or software and threatens to delete its data unless a ransom is paid.
- Adware – these are malware spread via ads.
- Botnets – a network of malware used to infiltrate computers and perform tasks without the access of the owner.
- Virus – Viruses are programs that self-replicates and attach themselves to files to spread the virus throughout the whole device.
- Spyware – just like the name, they spy on you and infiltrate your privacy.
- Trojans – these are malware that disguises are legit software.
To avoid falling victim of malware attacks, you should avoid downloading from unknown sites and clicking on unrequested links.
Cyber Security | Cyber Safety Tips
Here we will be giving you major cyber safety tips to guard you against cyber threats. These tips are easy to do and you won’t have to take your devices to software engineers. Below are major cyber safety tips to guard against cyber threats.
- Always keep your software and operating system updated.
- Make sure you have an authentic and active antivirus running on your device.
- Use strong passwords, and if two-step authentication is available, you can use it too.
- Avoid opening email attachments sent from unknown sources.
- Don’t click on unknown links or unrequested links.
- Do not connect your devices to unknown and unsecured Wi-Fi.
These easy tips are measures you must make a habit of, to improve your cyber security, and avoid being a victim of cyber attacks or threats. More research can be done on Google.